Lonely Planet! What to do in Cairo, Egypt
Explore the Sphinx of Giza
How would you love to see an ancient sculpture that was carved between 2520 BC and 2494 BC? Well, travel to Egypt. On the Giza Plateau at the west bank of the Nile River near Cairo is one of the most spectacular sculpture ever made by man. The fact that it was carved by ancient peoples of Egypt makes it even more mesmerizing.
The great sphinx of Giza is a large half-human, half-lion statue. The word 'sphinx' comes from the ancient Greek mythology of a beast that had a body of a lion, a head of a woman and wings of an eagle. The Egyptian sphinx however has the head of a man. It is thought to be the largest single stone monument in the world that was carved about 3rd millennium BC.
The monument is a depiction of King Khafra, who is thought to be its builder. However, there is little evidence as to who really constructed the monument. The monument was dug out in 1925 and apart from some piece of the nose missing; most of the monument is still intact.
Visit the Pyramids of Giza
While on this visit, why don't you also get to see the Pyramids of Giza? The entire district of Giza is a lesson in history. It has all the things one would want to learn about the ancient Egyptian Kingdom that was feared and loved in equal measure. It is one of the few places on earth that you can find some intact monuments, artifacts and tombs that can give you insights on the era’s bygone.
Go Hiking and Shopping
If you will be touring Giza District, make sure that you carry some hiking boots, sunblock lotion, a camera, and some extra cash. There are probably a lot of things that you can see and a little cash will go a long way. In fact, you are well advised to go shopping in the streets of Cairo. You will probably buy the latest Egyptian cotton linens at half the price you will buy them back home.
To get around the streets, you can hire taxi or use the Cairo metro. Contrastingly, the best way to see wonders of Giza District is on a camel, or on foot. Ensure that you have a qualified tour guide to show you around and explain things for you.